Antimicrobial Resistance. On March 30, 2021, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) published a document highlighting the risks posed by antimicrobial resistance to human and animal health and the environment. The OECD also estimates that this problem is set to wreak great economic and social costs for countries. The OECD recommends governments increase long-term funding to promote the development of new antibiotics for the treatment of livestock and the fight against antimicrobial resistance in general terms. This issue is being addressed by different international organizations such as FAO, WHO and PAHO, as well as some Latin American countries (such as Argentina, Chile, Colombia and Mexico), and it is expected that these recommendations will be taken into account in the coming months when designing government plans to address the problem.
The OECD recommendations highlight the need for the development of alternative interventions to antibiotics for the treatment of animals, such as animal nutrition and biosecurity in livestock farms. They also recommend that regulations on the responsible use of antibiotics in animals be correlated with correct application.
These recommendations are framed in a study entitled “Evaluating National Action Plans on antimicrobial resistance in animal production: what lessons can we learn?”. The paper analyzes the cases of Brazil, China, Russia, Australia, Canada, Denmark, Ireland, Japan and the United States in their implementation of the “One Health” approach in their national policy development involving human health, animal health and the environment.
The OECD published an academic paper on National Antimicrobial Resistance Plans in Animal Production. The organization recommends governments incorporate an integral and sustainable approach on the matter. In this regard, they consider it advisable to promote the development of alternative interventions to antibiotics for the treatment of animals, such as animal nutrition and biosecurity on farms, and that governments should commit to long-term financing of the plans. It is hoped that, in the coming months, these recommendations will be taken into account by the countries of the region and international organizations that are analyzing public policies to mitigate antimicrobial resistance.