The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) released an analysis of Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs) entitled “Multisectoral Action Plans in the Caribbean” (MAPs). The report analyzes public health policies in nine Caribbean countries (Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Belize, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago). In the document, PAHO recommends focusing on the prevention of possible conflicts of interest that the private sector may have when intervening in the public regulation of the pharmaceutical sector in the medium term.
PAHO stresses that all stakeholders in government (ministries and other institutions), civil society and the private sector should be convened to participate in the discussion on the regulation of NCDs. In turn, it recommends adopting the tools proposed by WHO for these purposes, incorporating issues such as human rights and universal access to health into these analyses, and building the capacity to incorporate data obtained during evaluation and monitoring into these programmes of action.
The actions of governments depend on the Ministries of Health of each country, which (for the most part) agree with the five components suggested by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) for the elaboration and implementation of these medium-term plans: global assessment of the situation, participation, policy formulation, implementation of measures, and monitoring and evaluation.